A Brief History of New Orleans, Louisiana

The red line on this 1920s map shows the streetcar line that used to traverse Metairie Road. Photo courtesy of Maunsel White.

Situated on a bend of the Mississippi River 100 miles from its mouth, New Orleans has been the chief city of Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico’s busiest northern port since the early 1700s. Founded by the French, ruled for 40 years by the Spanish and bought by the United States in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, New Orleans is known for its distinct Creole culture and vibrant history. Significant battles of the War of 1812 and the Civil War were fought over the city. In its last hundred years the key struggles of New Orleans have been social –- poverty, racial strife –- and natural –- hurricanes, floods and slowly sinking land (History, 2010). Metairie is the first suburb of New Orleans, Louisiana, located on the south shore of Lake Pontchartrain between the cities of New Orleans and Kenner (Metairie, n.d.).


Citations

History.com Editors. (2010, Apr. 5). New Orleans. Retrieved from history.com.

(No date). Metairie History. Retrieved from welcometo.metairie.com.